This document is intended for developers and package maintainers interested in the bottle development and release workflow. If you want to contribute, you are just right!
There are several ways to join the community and stay up to date. Here are some of them:
The bottle development repository and the issue tracker are both hosted at github. If you plan to contribute, it is a good idea to create an account there and fork the main repository. This way your changes and ideas are visible to other developers and can be discussed openly. Even without an account, you can clone the repository or just download the latest development version as a source archive.
Bottle is released at irregular intervals and distributed through PyPI. Release candidates and bugfix-revisions of outdated releases are only available from the git repository mentioned above. Some Linux distributions may offer packages for outdated releases, though.
The Bottle version number splits into three parts (major.minor.revision). These are not used to promote new features but to indicate important bug-fixes and/or API changes. Critical bugs are fixed in at least the two latest minor releases and announced in all available channels (mailinglist, twitter, github). Non-critical bugs or features are not guaranteed to be backported. This may change in the future, through.
The source repository is structured as follows:
What does this mean for a developer?
If you want to add a feature, create a new branch from master. If you want to fix a bug, branch release-x.y for each affected release. Please use a separate branch for each feature or bug to make integration as easy as possible. Thats all. There are git workflow examples at the bottom of this page.
Oh, and never ever change the release number. We’ll do that on integration. You never know in which order we pull pending requests anyway :)
What does this mean for a maintainer ?
Watch the tags (and the mailing list) for bug-fixes and new releases. If you want to fetch a specific release from the git repository, trust the tags, not the branches. A branch may contain changes that are not released yet, but a tag marks the exact commit which changed the version number.
The best way to get your changes integrated into the main development branch is to fork the main repository at github, create a new feature-branch, apply your changes and send a pull-request. Further down this page is a small collection of git workflow examples that may guide you. Submitting git-compatible patches to the mailing list is fine too. In any case, please follow some basic rules:
You need a recent version of Sphinx to build the documentation. The recommended way is to install virtualenv using your distribution package repository and install sphinx manually to get an up-to-date version.
# Install prerequisites which virtualenv || sudo apt-get install python-virtualenv virtualenv --no-site-dependencies venv ./venv/pip install -U sphinx # Clone or download bottle from github git clone https://github.com/defnull/bottle.git # Activate build environment source ./venv/bin/activate # Build HTML docs cd bottle/docs make html # Optional: Install prerequisites for PDF generation sudo apt-get install texlive-latex-extra \ texlive-latex-recommended \ texlive-fonts-recommended # Optional: Build the documentation as PDF make latex cd ../build/docs/latex make pdf
The following examples assume that you have an (free) github account. This is not mandatory, but makes things a lot easier.
First of all you need to create a fork (a personal clone) of the official repository. To do this, you simply click the “fork” button on the bottle project page. When the fork is done, you will be presented with a short introduction to your new repository.
The fork you just created is hosted at github and read-able by everyone, but write-able only by you. Now you need to clone the fork locally to actually make changes to it. Make sure you use the private (read-write) URL and not the public (read-only) one:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:your_github_account/bottle.git
Once the clone is complete your repository will have a remote named “origin” that points to your fork on github. Don’t let the name confuse you, this does not point to the original bottle repository, but to your own fork. To keep track of the official repository, add another remote named “upstream”:
cd bottle git remote add upstream git://github.com/defnull/bottle.git git fetch upstream
Note that “upstream” is a public clone URL, which is read-only. You cannot push changes directly to it. Instead, we will pull from your public repository. This is described later.
Submit a Feature
New features are developed in separate feature-branches to make integration easy. Because they are going to be integrated into the master branch, they must be based on upstream/master. To create a new feature-branch, type the following:
git checkout -b cool_feature upstream/master
Now implement your feature, write tests, update the documentation, make sure that all tests pass and commit your changes:
git commit -a -m "Cool Feature"
If the upstream/master branch changed in the meantime, there may be conflicts with your changes. To solve these, ‘rebase’ your feature-branch onto the top of the updated upstream/master branch:
git fetch upstream git rebase upstream
This is equivalent to undoing all your changes, updating your branch to the latest version and reapplying all your patches again. If you released your branch already (see next step), this is not an option because it rewrites your history. You can do a normal pull instead. Resolve any conflicts, run the tests again and commit.
Now you are almost ready to send a pull request. But first you need to make your feature-branch public by pushing it to your github fork:
git push origin cool_feature
After you’ve pushed your commit(s) you need to inform us about the new feature. One way is to send a pull-request using github. Another way would be to start a thread in the mailing-list, which is recommended. It allows other developers to see and discuss your patches and you get some feedback for free :)
If we accept your patch, we will integrate it into the official development branch and make it part of the next release.
Fix a Bug
The workflow for bug-fixes is very similar to the one for features, but there are some differences: